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National and international cooperation projects

NRD is committed to cooperation with developing countries particularly in North African Countries.

As such, it has coordinated international projects on sustainable use of water resources in Tanzania and Mauritania, vegetation restoration in degraded lands in Morocco and Tunisia; Integrated coastal zones management plans in Egypt, and self-supply of renewable energy for small farming systems in the rural areas of Ghana.

Please find below the full list of cooperation projects in which NRD is involved, mainly as coordinator. The projects are listed in chronological order starting from the most recent ones.

GO BENIN

Title and acronym: Implementation of national water policies in the Commune of Abomey-Calavi - GOBenin

Dates: 2011 - 2015

Location: BENIN, Water Basin of Ouéwa-Yewa, Department of Atlantique,Commune of Abomey-Calavi

Partnership: ENAS, Italy (Coord.), Hydroaid, Water For Development Management Institute, Italy, Commune d'Abomey Calavy, Benin
CRENOS, Univ. Cagliari., Italy, Ministère De l'Energie Et De l'Eau, Direction Générale De l'Eau, Benin, Actions Integres Pour Le Developpement (Aid) Ong, Benin

Source of Funding: EuropeAid ACP- EU Water Facility

Role of NRD: Partner

Scientific responsible: G. Ghiglieri

NRD members and staff involved: M. Gutierrez, A. Azara, A. Carletti

Short description: the general objective of the project is to contribute to the promotion of governance and effective water management through the transfer of knowledge and expertise to improve the health and socio-economic resident population in the ACP countries. n particular the project aims at conducting a study and a pilot action in the common Abomey to develop and field test, also through the training of local technicians, a technical manual for the management of water resources, consistent with the national water legislation.

Keywords:

Last updates:

Project website: www.projetgobenin.org/

WADIS-MAR

Title and acronym: Water harvesting and Agricultural techniques in Dry lands: an Integrated and Sustainable model in MAghreb Regions - WADIS-MAR

Dates: from December 2011 to June 2016

Location: Watersheds of Oued Biskra, District of Biskra (Algeria); Oum Zessar, Province of Medenine (Tunisia)

Partnership: University of Barcelona (Spain), Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel - OSS (Tunisia), Institute des Regions Arides - INRA (Tunisia), Agence Nationale des Ressources Hydraliques (Algeria).

Source of Funding: European Commission - EuropeAID - Sustainable Water Integrated Management (SWIM) - Demonstration Projects

Role of NRD: coordinator

Scientific responsible: Prof. G. Ghiglieri

NRD members and staff involved: Prof. G. Enne, Dr. S. Virdis, Dr. Roberta Lobina, Dr. L. Ledda, Dr. D. Pittalis, Dr. Oumelkheir Belkheir, Dr. Alberto Carletti, Dr. Chiara Zanolla, Dr. Antonio Funedda, Dr. Cristina Buttau, Dr. Maria Teresa Melis, Dr. Gabriela Mihaela Afrasinei.

Short description: WADIS-MAR is a demonstration project funded by European Commission through Sustainable Water Integrated Management (SWIM) Programme. WADIS-MAR action concerns the realization of an integrated water harvesting and aquifer recharge techniques in two watersheds in Maghreb Region, Oued Biskra in Algeria and Oum Zessar in Tunisia, characterized by water scarcity, overexploitation of groundwater resources and high vulnerability to climate change risk. WADIS-MAR project, taking into account past local traditional experiences, will implement a sustainable water and agriculture management system based on participative and bottom-up approach and will achieve to enable local communities to manage groundwater resources, starting from a more efficient use of water harvesting techniques (WHT) and from a sustainable agricultural practices application.

Keywords: Artificial Aquifer Recharge (MAR) ; Water Harvesting Techniques (WHT); Water and Agriculture Management; Desertification; Climate Change; Magherb Region

Last updates:

Project website: www.wadismar.eu

JEF - Energy Facility

Title and acronym: Provision of modern, affordable and sustainable energy services to rural poor communities in West African countries from Jatropha curcas oil: an integrated approach based on technological transfer and capacity building improvement - JEF

Dates: from 1/12/2011 until 30/11/2015

Location: Ghana, Burkina Faso

Partnership: Spallanzani Technologies s.r.l. (Italy), Nucleo Ricerca Desertificazione (NRD)-Università degli Studi di Sassari (Italy), Municipality of Dori (Burkina Faso), New Energy (Ghana), Technology Consultancy Centre (TCC) - Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology of Kumasi (Ghana)

Source of Funding: EU-ACP Energy Facility II Programme

Role of NRD: Partner

Scientific responsible: Prof. G. Enne

NRD members and staff involved: Davide Bellavite, Laura Chessa, Laura Altea, Luigi Podda, Djangsou Hagassou

Short description: The project has two levels of intervention: i) At village level through the Biomass Energy production from Jatropha curcas (Jatropha Energy Production); ii) At well level through the Water Solar pumps installation (Solar Energy Production). In each country approximately 300 ha of plantation of Jatropha curcas, arid-resistant species, will be realized in order to produce oil for energy purposes In 9 isolated rural villages villages (5 in Burkina Faso and 4 in Ghana) independent rural power producers (Gensets) will be supplied as an instrument to promote sustainability and socially equitable development of rural power sector. The Energy provision at rural village level will be guarantee by the Jatropha crude oil produced directly by the rural inhabitants and the creation of 9 Village Power Points (VPP). The VPP is a structure equipped by a generator powered by Jatropha oil, which is connected to a simple grid that will provide energy at village level for: i) a Central Village Light in order to satisfy the village recreation and socializing needs; ii) a Threshing Machine for removing the millet husks from grain; iii) a Flour-mill to reduce the drudgery associated with the milling process; iv) a Machine Service Centre devoted to the maintenance and repair of all the machinery. Furthermore to produce oil from Jatropha curcas 2 Production & Services Units ( P&SU) (one for each country) will be realized for different purposes: to collect and process the Jatropha fruits and seeds in a strategic and unique site, to extract the oil from Jatropha seeds, to store the crude oil produced, to press the Jatropha husk (by-product) for further energy production. Each PSU is equipped with: i) a Decorticator to process Jatropha fruits into seeds and husks; ii) an Oil Expeller for the oil extraction; iii) a Briquetting Machine to process the Jatropha husks into briquette for direct combustion; iv) a Genset fed with Jatropha oil to give power to all the facilities devoted to the processing and transformation of Jatropha fruits and seeds. Moreover in each country the existing wells will be re-established in order to install Water Solar Pumps equipped with tanks for water collection

Keywords:

Last updates:

Project website: www.jefproject.org/

GHAJA

Title and acronym: Use of Jatropha plant to improve sustainable renewable energy development and create income-generating activities: an integrated approach to ensure sustainable livelihood conditions and mitigate land degradation effects in rural areas of Ghana - GHAJA

Dates: from April 2009 to December 2014

Location: West Mamprusi District - Northern Region - Ghana

Partnership: Technology Consultancy Centre (TCC) of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology of Kumasi, Kumasi-Ghana, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) ? Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, Tamale-Ghana, Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA), Tamale- Ghana, NewEnergy, Tamale-Ghana

Source of Funding: European Commission - EuropeAID

Role of NRD: coordinator

Scientific responsible: Prof. G. Enne

NRD members and staff involved: Dr. D Bellavite, Dr. L. Chessa, M. Lubino, Prof. M. Mulas

Short description: the overall objective of the action is to afford rural communities of Ghana access to improved modern and renewable energy services and opportunities for communities based groups, reduce desertification effects and improve their livelihood by implementing a participatory approach at the rural community level. The overall objective and purpose of the action will be achieved by implementing a five-year project on providing rural communities of Ghana with access to sustainable, renewable, affordable and more efficient energy services and opportunities, while reducing desertification effects and improving their livelihoods.The project involves the creation of a localised bio-fuel production system at rural community level based on the extensive and/or intercropped plantation and the processing of drought-resistant perennial species products (Jatropha species), in areas affected by land degradation processes. Additionally to the bio-fuel production for direct use, new income-generating activities based on the transformation and marketing of the plantation derived products will be also generated. The proposal is especially addressed to strengthen the opportunities for women and marginal groups in the local rural economy as well as promote their social role.

Keywords:

Last updates: 17 February 2011 Kumasi- Ghana. Workshop "Management of Jatropha plantation: agronomic practices" (see programme attached)

Project website: www.ghajaproject.net"> www.ghajaproject.net

Allegati 
Workshop Management ofJatropha plantation: agronomic practices  (file PDF - 138 Kb)
17 February 2011 Kumasi-Ghana - Programma
Energia alternativa dalle piante, un'equipe sassarese va in Ghana (file PDF - 265 Kb)
Articolo della Nuova Sardegna del 28 ottobre 2010
Link

Portale ufficiale del Governo del Ghana 
Articolo sul Lauching Seminar del Progetto GHAJA

Portale di notizie economiche in Ghana 
Articolo sul Launching Seminar del progetto GHAJA

citifmonline - sito di notizie on line 
Articolo sul Lauching Seminar del Progetto GHAJA

Ghana Web - sito di notizie on line 
Articolo sul Lauching Seminar del Progetto GHAJA

myjoyonline - sito di notizie on line 
Articolo sul Lauching Seminar del Progetto GHAJA

Afrique en ligne - sito di attualità africana 
Articolo sul Lauching Seminar del Progetto GHAJA

Jatropha Curcas Biodiesel - sito tematico dedicato alla Jatropha e ai biofuel 
Articolo sul Lauching Seminar del Progetto GHAJA

Make biofuel news - sito tematico dedicato alla Jatropha e ai biofuel 
Articolo sul Lauching Seminar del Progetto GHAJA

Virgilio.it - Portale nazionale notizie on line 
Articolo sul progetto GHAJA e NRD

Wikio - Portale nazionale di notizie on line 
Articolo su Progetto GHAJA e NRD

Sardegna Oggi - Portale di notizie on line 
Articolo sul progetto GHAJA e NRD

Alguer.it - Portale algherese di notizie on-line 
Articolo sul progetto GHAJA e NRD

Stintino notizie - Sito di notizie on line di Stintino 
Articolo sul progetto GHAJA e NRD

Desertificazione, missione in Ghana dell'Ateneo 
Articolo dell'Unione Sarda del 29 ottobre 2010

MAJI

Title and acronym: Improving water access project in Leguruki and King'ori ward ( Tanzania) - MAJI

Dates: from Septmber 2011 to August 2012

Location: Leguruki and King'ori ward (Tanzania)

Partnership: Dipartimento Ingegneria del Territorio-Università di Cagliari (Sardegna, Italy), Comune di Sassari (Sardegna, Italy), Osvic (ONG, Sardegna, Italy), INTREGA S.r.l. ( Sardegna ,Iitaly)Oikos East-Africa (Tanzania), Meru District Council (Tanzania)

Source of Funding: Regione Autonoma della Sardegna, Regional law n°19 (11 April 1996)

Role of NRD: coordinator

Scientific responsible: Prof. G. Ghiglieri

NRD members and staff involved: A. Carletti, D. Pittalis

Short description: the project aims at improving life condition and economical growth of rural populations by making drinkable water available

Keywords:

Project web site:

PROAGRO

Title and acronym: Valorisation of agro pastoral production in M'nahaba (Marrakesh Wilaya- Morocco) rural community through requalification of degraded grasslands and knowledge exchange between Sardinian and Moroccan stakeholders - PROAGRO

Dates: from October 2011 to September 2012

Location: M'Nahba, Wylaia, Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz

Partnership: CNR-ISPAAM (National Research Centre - Sardegna, Italy), Comune di Seneghe (Sardegna, Italy), Osvic (ONG, Sardegna, Italy), DPA (Agricultural Provincial Direction, Marrakesh- Morocco), Comune di Santulussurgiu (Sardegna, Italy), Agenzia Laore (Sardegna-Italy) Agenzia AGRIS (Sardegna-Italy)

Source of Funding: Regione Autonoma della Sardegna, Regional law n°19 (11 April 1996)

Role of NRD: partner

Scientific responsible: Prof. G. Enne

NRD members and staff involved: Dr. M. Lubino, Prof. M. Mulas

Short description: the goal of this project is to capitalize the investments made and the positive results obtained in the area by previous cooperation projects in which drought resistant species (mainly Atriplex nummularia and Opuntia ficusindica) were used in order to mitigate desertification processes and to improve range lands productivity. Through the direct involvement of local stakeholder, women, young people, and Moroccan people living in Sardinia, as possible new actors of development processes, PROAGRO aims to create new income generating activities through recovering of the agronomic value of local degraded grasslands and favouring the diverisification of production and sources of income.

Keywords:

Last updates:

RIPDES

Title and acronym: Rural Development and productive rehabilitation in desertified grazing lands - RIPDES

Dates: from April 2009 to January 2011

Location: Wilaya - Marrakesh, rural commons of Ouled Dlim, M'Nahba Harbil, Ouahate Sidi Brahim

Partnership: Agenzia Laore, Sardegna-Italy, Agenzia AGRIS, Sardegna-Italy, DPA (Agricultural Provincial Direction), Marrakesh- Morocco

Source of Funding: Regione Autonoma della Sardegna, Regional law n°19 (11 April 1996)

Role of NRD: partner

Scientific responsible: Prof. M. Mulas

NRD members and staff involved: Dr. D. Bellavite, Dr. C. Zucca, Dr. O. Belkheiri, Dr. M. Lubino.

Short description: Agriculture and breeding are the main activities of Moroccan economy. However, they are the most vulnerable, either because of the environmental and climatic processes that are seriously compromising the development, or because of obstacles linked to the infrastructure lack. The area of the project is located in North-West of Marrakech and comprises the territories of four rural municipalities: Ouled Dlim, M'Nahba, Harbil, and Ouhate Sidi Brahim). Most of the area is destined to breeding and very aleatory rainfed cereal crops for animal food. The abundance of harvests are totally dependent on climatic conditions.This area has already been interested from plans aimed to fight against desertification and rural development. Rehabilitation of such degraded area is carried out by planting arido resistant fodder shrubs (mainly Atriplex nummularia) particularly adapted to arid conditions, with the double scope to produce biomass for animal and to mitigate the soil degradation processes leading to desertification.

Keywords: Rangelands, desertification, rural development, fodder shrubs, food security.

Last updates: inception phase

LR 19-TANZANIA

Title and acronym: Integrated water project to improve the socio-economic conditions of rural communities in the Ngarenanyuki and Oldonyosambu Wards (Tanzania)

Dates: from February 2008 to July 2009

Location: Tanzania

Partnership: Dipartimento Ingegneria del Territorio-Università di Cagliari (Italy), Assessorato all'Ambiente, Ecologia, Verde Pubblico, Parchi e Giardini del Comune di Sassari (Italy), Oikos East-Africa (Tanzania), Arumeru District Council (Tanzania)

Source of Funding: Regione Autonoma della Sardegna, Regional law n°19 (11 April 1996)

Role of NRD: coordinator

Scientific responsible: Prof. G. Ghiglieri

NRD members and staff involved: Dr. A. Carletti, Dr. D. Pittalis, Prof. Oggiano

Short description: the project aims at encouraging the birth of sustainable infrastructures for water distribution and waste water management, improve governance of water resources through financial and technical support in the Ngarenayuki e Oldonyosambu Wards (Tanzania). By adopting a local scale approach, infrastructures will be created able to satisfy water needs for human uses, livestock watering and agriculture (cultivation of small pieces of land). Among the specific objectives, a bore-hole will be built, an already existing dam will be restored and the executive planning for a weir will be executed for the creation of a small lake. Training activities will also be developed to transfer knowledge to the local populations and to raise awareness on the sustainable and compatible use of water.

Keywords: groundwater, access to water, dry environment, fluoride, Tanzania.

Allegati 
Final scientific report (file PDF - 7.109 Kb)
15 December 2009

MAURITANIA

Title and acronym: Hodh El Chargui: appui aux municipalités rurales pour la sécurisation et la gestion de l'eau - HEFEM

Dates: from July 2006 to July 2009

Location: Mauritania

Partnership: Terre Solidaire-Mauritanie, Timesis srl-Italy, Istituto Oikos-Italy, Graia s.r.l.-Italy, Terre Solidali Italia ONLUS.

Source of Funding: European Commission, Programme ACP-EU Water Facility

Role of NRD: partner

Scientific responsible: Prof. Ghiglieri (for NRD)

NRD members and staff involved: Prof. G. Ghiglieri, Dr. A. Carletti

Short description: The project aims to improve condition of sustainable infrastructures for water distribution, management and sanitation, and to improve the governance of water resources through technical and financial support. Among the expected results are i) governance and management capacity of local institutions improved; ii) Technical capacity of local authorities and partners on water issues strengthened; iii) Pilot activities for infrastructure settlement realized; and iii) Micro-financing enterprise realised. The project also foresees training activities mainly devoted to local technicians to guarantee that water availability and monitoring also continue once the project activities have ended. Such training activities will also be accompanied by activities to sensitize local population to the correct use of water and to guarantee its availability in the long run.

Keywords: groundwater, access to water, participatory approach, poverty reduction, dry environment, Mauritania.

Project web site: http://www.projet-hefem.org

SMAP III

Smap III
Smap III

Title and acronym: Plan of Action for an Integrated Coastal Zone Management in the area of Port Said

Dates: from january 2006 to April 2009

Location: Egypt

Partnership: CIHEAM-IAMB-Italy, IAS-Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation-Egypt, El Zagazig University-Egypt

Source of Funding: European Commission - Short and Medium-term Priority Environmental Action Programme (SMAP)

Role of NRD: coordinator

Scientific responsible: Prof. G. Enne

NRD members and staff involved: Dr. D. Bellavite (project manager), Dr. R. Della Peruta (project manager assistant)

Short description: the Project aims to prepare an ICZM Plan for the Area of Port Said (north-eastern Nile delta, Egypt) and to define technical and methodological lines for its concrete implementation and replicability. The target groups, intended as direct beneficiaries or stakeholders directly involved in the project implementation, are farmers and farmers associations, fishermen, industrial associations, Ministries, local administrators and decision makers, and NGOs. The adopted approach is integrated and interdisciplinary.

Keywords: ICZM, Port Said

Project web site: www.iczmportsaid.uniss.it

TANZANIA

Title and acronym: Water masterplan for the wards of Ngarenanyuki and Oldonyosambu (Arumeru district) - Tanzania

Dates: from December 2006 to February 2008

Location: Tanzania

Partnership:

Source of Funding:

Role of NRD: coordinator

Scientific responsible: Prof. G. Ghiglieri

NRD members and staff involved: Prof. Oggiano

Short description: the project aims at improving water availability, for both human uses and livestock watering, in Uwiro Village, Tanzania. Among the results are i) Furniture of a minimum of 20 lt per day/person of water for Kimosonu sub-village inhabitants (value calculated on the basis of a population projection for year 2025 - 2.826 people, with a increasing rate of 2,79%), and ii) Watering possibility for about 2300 livestock animals per day (cattle, camels, goats, sheep, donkeys) in Mkuru area.

Keywords: groundwater, access to water, dry environment, fluoride, Tanzania

SMAP II

Smap II
Smap II

Title and acronym: Demonstration Project on Strategies to Combat Desertification in Arid Lands with Direct Involvement of Local Agropastoral Communities in North Africa

Dates: from July 2002 to July 2007

Location: Morocco and Tunisia

Partnership: MINISTERE DE L'AGRICULTURE, DU DEVELOPPEMENT RURAL ET DES EAUX ET FORETS-Morocco, MINISTERE DE L'AGRICULTURE ET DES RESSOURSES HYDRAULIQUES -OEP-Tunisia

Source of Funding: European Commission - Short and Medium-term Priority Environmental Action Programme (SMAP)

Role of NRD: coordinator

Scientific responsible: Prof. G. Enne

NRD members and staff involved: Dr. D. Bellavite, Dr. M. Lubino

Short description:
This project focused on desertification mitigation and rural development. It involved restoration of vegetation cover with drought resistant perennial species in highly degraded extensive pasture lands, to mitigate desertification processes and to improve range lands productivity. This is a concrete demonstration project supported by the direct involvement of local communities. Successful actions already carried out in this field by the participants of the project as well as by other Mediterranean Countries, were taken into account, re-elaborated and exploited thus promoting South / South co-operation and exchange of knowledge. The activity also involved a discussion about methodology of intervention: the natural and socio-economic conditions that enable the optimisation of the interventions planned were analysed. Participation of all actors and especially of local communities was the key point in all the phases of the project:. Participation was strengthened by means of dissemination and sensitisation campaigns and by training courses.

Keywords:

Project web site: www.smap.eu

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